Penguin Awareness Day

January 20th is Penguin Awareness Day and it is time to get to know your penguins. There are 18 species of penguin that live primarily in the Southern Hemisphere. 72% of penguins species have a declining populations and 5 species are considered endangered. These species are facing extinction if improved protection and conservation measures are not implemented.

Know your Penguin © Peppermint Narwhal

Fun Facts

  • The word Penguin may have come from the Welsh pen gwyn, meaning ‘white head’.
  • The Galapagos penguin is the only species of that inhabits the equator and parts of northern hemisphere.
  • Penguins lost the ability to fly millions of years ago.
  • Powerful flippers and streamlined bodies make penguins very good swimmers.
  • Penguins are the fastest swimming and deepest diving species of bird.
  • Penguins can stay underwater up to 20 minutes at a time.
  • The penguins light front and dark back coloration is called countershading and the provides camouflage from above and below
  • Penguins colonies are called rookeries.
  • Penguins spend up to 75 percent of their lives at sea

How can you help protect penguins?

Check out some great Penguin videos from BBC Earth below

Best of Penguins | Top 5 | BBC Earth
Penguins’ Amazing Survival Skills | BBC Earth
Australian Environmental Education logo with dragonfly