The Marine Environments is divided up into three main ecosystems; Oceans, Coral Reefs and Estuaries. There are the five major oceans that cover the world including the Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic, and Southern Oceans.
Coral reefs are small in size when compared to the oceans, but around 25% of marine species live in the coral reefs ecosystems. Estuaries are areas where rivers and streams flow into the ocean. This area where freshwater and saltwater meets, creates an ecosystem diverse plant and animal life often called the ‘nurseries of the sea”.
Oceans contain the greatest diversity of life on Earth. Habitats range from the freezing polar regions to the warm waters of the coral reefs, deep sea hydrothermal vents to shallow seagrass beds and beautiful sponge gardens to giant kelp forests, marine organisms are found everywhere.
Our oceans make up 71% of the earth’s surface and they contain the greatest diversity of life on Earth.
- Seagrass beds
- Kelp forests
- Sponge Gardens
Marine Environments Highlighted
Sydney’s Rocky Reefs
Diving in Sydney is a great experience, there is literally a secret garden hidden beneath the surface. Sandstone rock formations, incredible sponge gardens and a huge diversity of marine life is waiting for you to explore.
Watch this video to get a taste of what is hidden beneath the surface.
Sunlight only reaches as far as 200 m down in the ocean. Below this depth plants cannot survive. The deeper you go in the ocean, the darker and colder it gets and the higher the pressure gets. Very little is known about the amazing creatures that live in the depths of our oceans.